Step 4

Financial Environment

To gain an understanding of the financial environment within which school infrastructure is planned, designed, constructed, operated and maintained. 

Normal Condition

At the end of this step, the team should be able to do the following:
a) Identify historical and planned investment programs
b) Identify the decision-making process for resource allocation
c) Identify the financing mechanisms within the public investment system

Module Activity Output
4.1 Institutional budget for school infrastructure  4.1.1 Identify budget allocation for the sector, and specifically for school infrastructure - Database and report: Main findings on the historical budget for the sector (general, educational and school infrastructure budgets) and budget execution of school infrastructure investments
4.1.2 Analyze the execution of budget allocation for school infrastructure 
4.2 Current investments in new and existing infrastructure  4.2.1 Identify historical and current investment programs for new school infrastructure - Database and report: Main findings on historical and current investment programs for new and existing school infrastructure. Include reconstruction investments
4.2.2 Identify historical and current investment programs to repair or retrofit existing school infrastructure 
4.3 Financing investment system  4.3.1 Identify the funding mechanisms of current investments  - Report: Current structure of the relevant ministry’s budget for school infrastructure investments, and main characteristics of the funding mechanisms
4.3.2 Identify investment requirements and key decision-makers

Post-disaster Condition

At the end of this step, the team should be able to do the following:
a) Identify historical and planned investment programs in the affected area
b) Identify the decision-making process for resource allocation
c) Identify the financing mechanisms within the public investment system under which the reconstruction should take place and other sources of financing

Module Activity Output
4.1 Institutional budget for school infrastructure  4.1.1 Identify budget allocation for the sector, and specifically for school infrastructure in the affected area (before disaster) - Database and report: Main findings on the historical budget for the sector (general, educational and school infrastructure budgets) and budget execution of school infrastructure investments
4.1.2 Analyze the execution of budget allocation for school infrastructure in the affected area (before disaster)
4.2 Current investments in new and existing infrastructure  4.2.1 Identify historical and current investment programs for new and existing school infrastructure in the affected area (before disaster)  - Database and report: Main findings on historical and current investment programs for new and existing school infrastructure. Include reconstruction investments
4.2.2 Identify historical and current investment engagements for the reconstruction of school infrastructure in the affected area
4.3 Financing investment system  4.3.1 Identify the funding mechanisms of current investments and additional funding sources for reconstruction - Report: Current structure of the relevant ministry’s budget for school infrastructure investments, and main characteristics of the funding mechanisms. Include current structure of the relevant ministry's income for reconstruction of school infrastructure, and main characteristics of the funding mechanisms for post-disaster conditions
4.3.2 Identify investment requirements and key decision-makers in the reconstruction process