Step 5

Risk and resilience assessment of School Infrastructure

To allow task teams to identify different intervention options by quantifying the potential harm to children, damage and losses to existing school infrastructure, and disruption of services caused by the occurrence of hazard events of varying intensity and frequency. 

Normal Condition

At the end of this step, the team should be able to do the following:
a) Quantify the risk of school infrastructure in terms of potential fatalities and economic loss
b) Map the spatial distribution of risk
c) Identify the distribution of risk by building types and evaluate their current performance
d) Identify invention options to improve performance of different building types

Module Activity Output
5.1 Analysis objective 5.1.1 Define the objective of analysis - Terms of reference for risk assessment 
5.2 Assessment of risk to school facilities 5.2.1 Undertake hazard analysis

- Database and report: Risk assessment results, including hazard analysis and exposure model


- Catalog: Fragility and vulnerability curves

5.2.2 Establish the exposure model
5.2.3 Assess the fragility and vulnerability of index buildings
5.2.4 Quantify risk in terms of expected losses and service disruption
5.3 Analysis of intervention options for school buildings 5.3.1 Evaluate current performance of index buildings - Report: Lines of intervention for different index buildings and resulting performance improvements 
5.3.2 Identify interventions to improve performance of index buildings

Post-disaster Condition

At the end of this step, the team should be able to do the following:
a) Identify damage modes/levels, and the spatial distribution of damage in the affected area
b) Quantify the losses and service disruption in the affected area
c) Identify the pre- and post-disaster performance of building types
d) Identify invention options to recover and improve performance of building types

Module Activity Output
5.1 Analysis objective 5.1.1 Define the objective of analysis - Terms of reference for risk assessment
5.2 Assessment of risk to school facilities 5.2.1 Update hazard information based on data collected about the disaster event

- Database and report: Risk assessment results, including hazard analysis and exposure model. Analysis of failure modes by building types


- Catalog: Fragility and vulnerability curves

5.2.2 Establish the exposure model
5.2.3 Identify damage modes/levels and analyze the fragility and vulnerability of index buildings
5.2.4 Quantify losses and service disruption caused by the disaster, and estimate expected losses and disruption caused by future events
5.3 Analysis of intervention options for school buildings 5.3.1 Evaluate the pre- and post-disaster performance of index buildings - Report: Lines of intervention for different index buildings and resulting performance improvements
5.3.2 Identify interventions to recover and improve performance of index buildings