Step 3

Construction Environment

To gain an understanding of the regulatory framework, construction management practices and construction technologies within which school infrastructure is planned, designed, built, operated and maintained. 

Normal Condition

At the end of this step, the team should be able to do the following:
a) Get an overview of the regulatory framework, and identify gaps and opportunities to improve it
b) Identify existing construction management approaches and contributing factors that might negatively affect the quality of school infrastructure
c) Identify typical construction practices, timeframe, workforce capacity and cultural factors

Module Activity Output
3.1 Regulatory environment  3.1.1 Identify the planning regulation for school location and strengthening opportunities - Report: analysis of the regulatory framework and need for improvement in light of the Plan’s implementation
3.1.2 Identify the school building design/construction regulations and strengthening opportunities 
3.2 Construction management  3.2.1 Identify procurement and construction management processes - Report: mapping of construction management practices and stakeholder capacity, and recommendations to overcome existing weaknesses
3.2.2 Evaluate the capacity and capability of stakeholders involved in school design and construction
3.3 Construction technology 3.3.1 Identify typical construction practices and quality of main school building types - Report: summary of construction practices, analysis of their effects on the quality of school buildings, and recommendations
3.3.2 Review and identify potential school infrastructure design issues 

Post-disaster Condition

At the end of this step, the team should be able to do the following:
a) Get an overview of the regulatory framework and identify needs for updates in the reconstruction process
b) Identify existing construction management approaches and contributing factors that might negatively affect the quality of reconstruction works
c) Identify typical construction practices, workforce capacity and cultural factors

Module Activity Outputs
3.1 Regulatory environment  3.1.1 Identify the planning regulations for school location and need for changes in the reconstruction process - Report: Analysis of the regulatory framework and need for improvement in light of the plan’s implementation in light of the recovery and reconstruction process
3.1.2 Identify the planning regulations for school location and need for changes in the reconstruction process
3.2 Construction management  3.2.1 Identify procurement and reconstruction management processes - Report: Mapping of construction management practices and stakeholder capacity, and recommendations to overcome existing weaknesses/gaps. Include a definition of a construction management model for reconstruction
3.2.2 Evaluate the capacity and capability of stakeholders involved in school design and construction
3.3 Construction technology 3.3.1 Identify typical construction practices and evidence of potential quality issues in affected infrastructure  - Report: Summary of construction practices, analysis of effects on the quality of school buildings, and recommendations. Include analysis focusing on the effects of construction practices on the quality of reconstruction work
3.3.2 Review and identify potential design issues in affected infrastructure